Philosophy of Science

What are the fundamental characteristics of scientific work? How do scientists affirm and refute assumptions, and how should they choose between competing theories? What is a scientific explanation, and what is the balance between scientific explanations to other types of reasoning? What is the nature of scientific truth, and is it absolute or relative? These are core questions in the philosophy of science. Alongside these general questions, philosophers of science also clarify scientific terms and the relations between scientific theories and our everyday perception of the world. For example, what is the nature of time and the relations between time as it reflects in science and our day-to-day usage of the term? What can we know or justifiably believe about the conditions of the universe’s creation, and are we at all able to answer such questions?